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Anterior condylar confluence

The anterior condylar confluence is an extracranial venous structure at the base of skull that communicates extensively with regional veins and dural venous sinuses

It is located immediately anterior to the hypoglossal canal and medial to the jugular vein, just inferior to the jugular bulb and inferior petrosal sinus 1,2

It is formed by the confluence of the anterior, lateral and posterior condylar veins and communicates with many of the nearby venous structures:

History and etymology

The anterior condylar confluence was first described by  Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard (1842–1910), a French anatomist, in 1868 2,3

Anatomy: Head and neck

Anatomy: Head and neck

Article information

rID: 77422
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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