Basal vein of Rosenthal

The basal veins, also known as the veins of Rosenthal, are paired, paramedian veins which originate on the medial surface of the temporal lobe and run posteriorly and medially. Each vein passes lateral to the midbrain through the ambient cistern to drain into the vein of Galen with the internal cerebral veins. They are closely related to the posterior cerebral arteries (PCA).

The drainage territory is highly variable and usually includes the mesial temporal lobes and associated substructures such as the parahippocampal gyrus and uncus. It may also drain the posterior insular region.

Anatomy: Brain

Anatomy: Brain

Article information

rID: 5143
Section: Anatomy
Tag: refs, refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Basal veins of Rosenthal
  • Veins of Rosenthal
  • Basal vein

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: normal basal vein of Rosenthal
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  • Figure 2: Trolard and Rosenthal veins
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  • Figure 3: venous vascular territories (illustration)
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