Benedikt syndrome

Dr Rohit Sharma and Dr Bruno Di Muzio et al.

Benedikt syndrome, or paramedian midbrain syndrome, is a midbrain stroke syndrome that involves the fascicles of the oculomotor nerve and the red nucleus.

It is usually caused by an ischemic stroke, typically involving branches of the posterior cerebral artery 1-4

Using imaging alone, it is difficult to distinguish Benedikt syndrome from Weber syndrome, unless clear involvement of the red nucleus can be identified, which is seen in the former 1-4.

The syndrome was first described by Moritz Benedikt (1835-1920), a Hungarian-Austrian neurologist, in 1889 5.

Stroke and intracranial haemorrhage

Article information

rID: 31290
Section: Syndromes
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Paramedian midbrain syndrome
  • Benedikt's syndrome

ADVERTISEMENT: Supporters see fewer/no ads

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.