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Cerebral herniation

Cerebral herniation, also referred to as acquired intracranial herniation, refers to shift of cerebral tissue from its normal location, into an adjacent space as a result of mass effect. It is a life-threatening condition that requires prompt diagnosis. 

Pathology

There are a number of different patterns of cerebral herniation which describe the type of herniation occurring:

* technically not cerebral but cerebellar herniation

Etiology

Any intracranial mass can have this effect:

See also

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Article information

rID: 1082
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Acquired intracranial herniation
  • Brain herniation

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1
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  • Case 1: subfalcine herniation from SDH
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  • Case 2: upward herniation from cerebellar infarct
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  • Case 3: subfalcine and downward transtentorial
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  • Case 4: downward transtentorial
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  • Case 5: ascending transtentorial herniation
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  • Case 6: uncal herniation
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  • Case 7: uncal transtentorial herniation
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