A horseshoe pancreas is a term that has been used for a rare anatomic variant of the pancreas in which the uncinate process is unusually elongated such that it extends along the whole 3rd part of the duodenum to mirror the tail superiorly forming a horseshoe-shaped gland 1.
History and etymology
The term has been used historically in nuclear medicine to refer to the appearance of some pancreatic anomalies on selenium-75 selenomethionine scanning 3.
It has also been used in the past to refer to certain morphologies of the pancreatic ductal system 4.
- 1. Kin T, Shapiro AM. Horseshoe-shaped pancreas. (2014) JOP : Journal of the pancreas. 15 (1): 78. doi:10.6092/1590-8577/2063 - Pubmed
- 2. Yazu T, Kimura T, Yamamoto K, Sumii T, Arita Y, Takano S, Furukawa M, Tanaka M, Konomi K, Nawata H. Horseshoe anomaly of the pancreas. (1992) Pancreas. 7 (4): 503-6. doi:10.1097/00006676-199207000-00013 - Pubmed
- 3. Colella AC, Pigorini F. Experiences in pancreas scanning using 75-Se-selenomethionine. (1967) The British journal of radiology. 40 (477): 662-9. doi:10.1259/0007-1285-40-477-662 - Pubmed
- 4. Kreel L, Sandin B, Slavin G. Pancreatic morphology--a combined radiological and pathological study. (1973) Clinical radiology. 24 (2): 154-61. doi:10.1016/s0009-9260(73)80074-1 - Pubmed