The Howship-Romberg sign refers to obturator nerve neuropathy due to compression of the obturator nerve by an obturator hernia. Patients present with pain and paraesthesia along the inner aspect of the thigh, down to the knee.
History and etymology
Named after Moritz Heinrich Romberg (1795-1873) 2, a German neurologist, and John Howship (1781-1841) 3, a British surgeon, who described this sign.
- 1. Cubillo E. Obturator hernia diagnosed by computed tomography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1983;140 (4): 735-6. doi:10.2214/ajr.140.4.735 - Pubmed citation
- 2. Housman B, Bellary SS, Walters A, Mirzayan N, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Moritz Heinrich Romberg (1795-1873): Early founder of neurology. Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.). 27 (2): 147-9. doi:10.1002/ca.22112 - Pubmed
- 3. Bir SC, Kalakoti P, Notarianni C, Nanda A. John Howship (1781-1841) and growing skull fracture: historical perspective. Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics. 16 (4): 472-6. doi:10.3171/2014.12.PEDS14484 - Pubmed