Juan M Taveras (1919-2002) was an American neuroradiologist, who is remembered chiefly for his work in establishing neuroradiology as a separate subspecialty in the United States. He was the principal mover behind the founding of the American Society of Neuroradiology and its primary publication, the American Journal of Neuroradiology.
Juan Manuel Taveras Rodriguez was the son of Marcos and Ana Taveras, and he was born in the Dominican Republic, in the city of Moca, on 27 September 1919 1,2. He was a talented musician, playing the clarinet, sax and flute, in a jazz band and orchestra. He graduated in medicine in 1943, from the University of Santo Domingo and obtained a second MD degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1948 1,2.
In 1947, he married Berenice, who died in 1990 1.
He completed his radiology residency at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania in 1949 1,2, and in this same year, he succeeded at the exam of the American Board of Radiology (ABR) 2.
He moved to New York in 1950, where he attended the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center and its Neurologic Institute 1,2. In 1952, he became director of Radiology at this Neurologic Institute, where he stayed for thirteen years 1,2.
In New York City, he founded the first American fellowship program in neuroradiology, in 1956 1,2.
In 1962, Taveras invited fourteen fellow neuroradiologists from across the United States for a dinner in New York City, at which the American Society of Neuroradiology was founded. He was the unanimous choice for its first President 1,2.
Due to his burgeoning international reputation in neuroradiology, he was given the Presidency of the VIIth Symposium Neuroradiologicum, which was held for the first time in North America, in New York in 1964.
In 1964, Juan Taveras and Ernest Wood co-authored the textbook Diagnostic Neuroradiology, the first American textbook on neuroradiology, which became a reference book in the specialty 1,2.
He was founding editor of the American Journal of Neuroradiology, in 1980, a position he held for eight years.
In 1965, Taveras moved to St. Louis and assumed the chairmanship of Radiology and Director of the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology at Washington University School of Medicine 1,2.
In 1971, he accepted the position of being a professor of Radiology at Harvard Medical School 1,2, and the chief radiologist at the Massachusetts General Hospital. In 1988, he became Professor Emeritus of Harvard Medical School 1,2.
In 1991, he married his second wife, Mariana Margarita Bucher 1.
In 1996, he planned the construction of the Centro de Diagnostico, Medicina Avanzada, Laboratorio y Telemedicina in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 1,2.
Dr. Juan Taveras developed multiple myeloma, dying in the Dominican Republic on 28 March 2002, at the age of 83 1,2.
Juan wrote more than 300 scientific articles, 12 books, seven textbooks in Spanish, several book chapters, and compendiums, which became references in neuroradiology 1,2. His innovations in training, research and radiologic management, revolutionized the practice of neuroradiology.
- President of the VIIth Symposium Neuroradiologicum (1964)
- Master of Science Honoris Causa, Harvard Medical School (1971)
- Knight of the Order of Duarte Sanchez y Mella, an award of the Dominican Republic (1972)
- Doctor Honoris Causa, Universidad Nacional Pedro Henríquez Ureña, Dominican Republic (1987)
- Doctor Honoris Causa, Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra, Santiago, Dominican Republic (1992)
- Gold medal of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA)
- Gold medal of the American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS)
- Gold medal of the American College of Radiology (ACR)
- Gold medal of the Association of University Radiologists
- Gold medal of the American Society of Neuroradiology (1995)
- Named to the Order of St Gregory, a Papal honor (2002)
Juan Taveras is still recognized today by radiologists around the world, and reasons include:
- co-authored the book Roentgenology of the Abdomen, with Ross Golden, in 1952
- started the first American fellowship program in neuroradiology, in 1956
- founded the American Society of Neuroradiology, in 1962
- co-authored the book Diagnostic Neuroradiology, with Ernest Wood, in 1964
- founder of the American Journal of Neuroradiology, in 1980
- founded the Sociedad Ibero Latino Americana De Neurorradiología Diagnóstica y Terapéutica (SILAN), in 1988
Related Radiopaedia articles
History of radiology
- key milestones
- 1895: Wilhelm Roentgen detects x-rays
- 1896: Antoine Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity
- 1896: Sydney Rowland founds the first radiology journal, Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy
- 1896: Thomas Edison invents the first commercially-available fluoroscope
- 1896: John Macintyre opens the world's first radiology department in Glasgow
- 1898: Marie Curie publishes her paper 'Rays emitted by uranium and thorium compounds'
- 1913: Albert Salomon commences research leading to mammography
- 1913: William Coolidge introduces his eponymous x-ray tube
- 1927: Egas Moniz develops cerebral angiography
- 1934: Frederic and Irene Joliot-Curie artificially produce radioisotopes
- 1936: John Lawrence uses phosphorus-32 to treat leukemia
- 1939: Kitty Clark publishes Clark’s Positioning in Radiography
- 1950s: David Kuhl invents Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
- 1953: Sven-Ivar Seldinger develops his famous technique
- 1957: Ian Donald invents fetal ultrasound
- 1964: Charles Dotter introduces image-guided intervention
- 1965: Benjamin Felson publishes his Principles of Chest Roentgenology
- 1971: Godfrey Hounsfield introduces the CT scanner (co-developed with Allan Cormack)
- 1977: Ray Damadian builds the first commercial MRI scanner
- 1989: Spiral CT introduced
- 2005: Frank Gaillard creates Radiopaedia.org :)
- 2012: inaugural International Day of Radiology
key figures in the history of radiology
- Antoine Henri Becquerel
- Gustav Bucky
- Kathleen "Kitty" Clark
- William D Coolidge
- Allan M Cormack
- Marie Curie
- Ray V Damadian
- Ian Donald
- Charles T Dotter
- Thomas A Edison
- Charles Thurstan Holland
- Godfrey N Hounsfield
- Frederick Joliot
- Irene Joliot-Curie
- David E Kuhl
- Paul C Lauterbur
- Peter Mansfield
- Egas Moniz
- Bernard Ziedses des Plantes
- Wilhelm C Roentgen
- Sven-Ivar Seldinger
- Albert Soiland
- Florence Stoney
- important figures in the history of radiology
- Nobel Prize winners in radiology
- history of modalities
- plain radiography
- nuclear medicine
- interventional radiology
- historical imaging techniques
- conventional tomography
- translumbar aortography
history of radiology journals
- American Journal of Neuroradiology (AJNR)
- American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR)
- American X-Ray Journal
- Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy
- British Journal of Radiology (BJR)
- Clinical Radiology
- Emergency Radiology
- European Radiology
- Journal de Radiologie
- Journal of the American College of Radiology (JACR)
- Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology (JMIRO)
- Seminars in Roentgenology
- history of radiology meetings
history of radiology organizations
- United Kingdom
- United States
- Asian Oceanian Society of Radiology (AOSR)
- Colegio Interamericano de Radiologia (CIR)
- European Society of Radiology (ESR)
- Fleischner Society
- International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM)
- International Society of Radiographers and Radiological Technologists (ISRRT)
- International Society of Radiology (ISR)
- pioneering radiology books
- Atlas of Normal Roentgen Variants That May Simulate Disease
- Reeder and Felson's Gamuts in Radiology
- Radiographic Atlas of Skeletal Development of the Hand and Wrist
- Roentgenology - The Borderlands of the Normal and Early Pathological in the Skiagram
- The Roentgen Rays in Medicine and Surgery as an Aid in Diagnosis and as a Therapeutic Agent
- Textbook of X-ray Diagnosis by British Authors