Tendinosis (plural: tendinoses) usually refers to the chronic degeneration of a tendon with damage at the cellular level.
There is significant overlap in the use of tendinosis and tendinopathy, with the terms often used interchangeably in clinical practice. Tendinosis has historically been used to describe non-inflammatory degeneration as opposed to the inflammation-mediated tendinitis - given the etiology and pathophysiology of chronic tendon disorders is still yet to be fully elucidated (c. 2019), the non-etiologically specific term, tendinopathy may be most appropriate 4. Given this lack of consensus in terminology, please refer to tendinopathy article for further information on pathology, radiographic features, etc.
- 1. Fredberg U. Tendinopathy--tendinitis or tendinosis? The question is still open. (2004) Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 14 (4): 270-2. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0838.2004.404_3.x - Pubmed
- 2. Federer AE, Steele JR, Dekker TJ, Liles JL, Adams SB. Tendonitis and Tendinopathy: What Are They and How Do They Evolve?. (2017) Foot and ankle clinics. 22 (4): 665-676. doi:10.1016/j.fcl.2017.07.002 - Pubmed
- 3. F. Abat, H. Alfredson, M. Cucchiarini, H. Madry, A. Marmotti, C. Mouton, J.M. Oliveira, H. Pereira, G. M. Peretti, D. Romero-Rodriguez, C. Spang, J. Stephen, C. J. A. van Bergen, L. de Girolamo. Current trends in tendinopathy: consensus of the ESSKA basic science committee. Part I: biology, biomechanics, anatomy and an exercise-based approach. (2017) Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics. 4 (1): 18. doi:10.1186/s40634-017-0092-6 - Pubmed
- 4. Dean BJF, Dakin SG, Millar NL, Carr AJ. Review: Emerging concepts in the pathogenesis of tendinopathy. (2017) The surgeon : journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland. 15 (6): 349-354. doi:10.1016/j.surge.2017.05.005 - Pubmed