Semilobar holoprosencephaly

Case contributed by Dr Mohammad A. ElBeialy


Newborn female baby with poor feeding and abnormal facies, cleft lip and hypotelorism.

Patient Data

Age: 13 days
Gender: Female
  • Partial cleavage of the cerebral hemispheres with fusion across the frontal lobes. 
  • Monoventricle with partial occipital and temporal horns of the lateral ventricles. 
  • Partially fused thalami which are abnormally rotated and anteriorly situated with consequently small sized 3rd ventricle.
  • Absence of septum pellucidum. 
  • Rudimentary falx cerebri and interhemispheric fissure which is formed caudally with cleavage and separation of the occipital lobes.
  • Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum

Case Discussion

Semilobar holoprosencephaly is an intermediate form of the holoprosoncephaly with partial cleavage of the prosencephalon. 

Absent septum pellucidum is present in all types of prosencephaly and the presence of septum pellucidum virtually excludes holoprosencephaly. 

Alobar holoprosencephaly is non-cleavage of the cereberal hemispheres with single monoventricle (crescentic shaped holoventriclllle), dorsal cyst widely communicating with the single monventricle, horse-shoe configuration of the cereberal mantle, fused thalami & absence of the corpus callosum, falx cerberi, interhemispheric fissure, optic tracts and olfactory bulbs as well as absent 3rd ventricle, internal cereberal veins, vein of Galen, straight sagittal sinus and sylvian fissures.

Lobar holoprosencephaly is just rostral or anteroinferior fusion of the cereberal hemispheres & the absence of the sptum pellucidum is the clue for diagnosis. The differential diagnosis is septooptic dysplasia or De-Morsie syndrome.  

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Case information

rID: 38118
Published: 6th Jul 2015
Last edited: 14th Aug 2019
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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